Tag Archives: archives

Student Tours

24 Jun

One of our favorite things to do is have high school students come into the archives and try out archival research! These students investigated topics on mining in Arizona and found some great material on the Bisbee Deportation, mining ghost towns, and the Greenways. We were thrilled to have them visit!





Nuestra Poesía

27 Apr

We would like to thank everyone who made the final event in the Nuestro Tucson series, Nuestra Poesía, event a success! First and foremost, a heartfelt thank you to Alberto Ríos for sharing his poetry and stories – it was such a captivating and moving evening. We’d also like to thank all the sponsors and partners for the event:

University of Arizona College of Humanities

University of Arizona Department of Spanish and Portuguese, especially Dr. Anita Huizar-Hernández

University of Arizona Department of Gender and Women’s Studies, especially Dr. Francisco J. Galarte

REFORMA de Tucson

Graduate Association for Spanish and Portuguese

AHS Southern Chapter Board


This event and all events in the Nuestro Tucson series were made possible through a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the American Library Association.


Flashback Friday!

18 Dec

Happy Friday! Today’s photograph is of children after a pie eating contest in Ajo, Arizona. We hope you are staying warm, and remembering warmer times!


Photo Identifier: 74267b

Collection Spotlight: Hoval A. Smith

30 Nov

Click into the gallery to view these images.


One of the newest collections at AHS-Tucson is the Hoval A. and Nina R. Smith Collection, which was donated by their grandchildren: Leslie, Lindsay, and Morgan Smith. The collection consists of 39 panoramic photographs of places like Nogales, Tombstone, Douglas, and Globe, as well as various mining operations including the New Cornelia mine near Ajo, Arizona. The collection also contains assay maps, and mining data compiled by Hoval Smith. In addition to his involvement in the mining industry, Smith also ran for political office. Nina Smith was an active member of the DAR. The collection reflects these activities as well. Below is a brief biography of Hoval Arnold Smith written by his granddaughter, Leslie Cantrell Smith.

Hoval Arnold Smith was born in St. Ansgar, Iowa in 1876 to Norwegian parents.  He was one of six children and he lost his beloved mother when he was only ten years old.  He promised his mother on her death bed that he would never drink or smoke, and he never did. 

Hoval worked his way through the School of Mining at the University of Minnesota where he graduated in 1901.  Before graduating, he went to Mexico to work as a miner and, after graduating, he went to the Arizona Territory to work for the Calumet and Arizona Mining Company where he became Chief Mining Engineer from 1902-1905.  Copper was of particular interest to Hoval and he soon branched out to become a successful independent miner, including as a principal founder of the Anaconda Copper Company. 

Almost from the outset of his time in Arizona, Hoval was interested in politics and, in 1909, he became Chairman of the Republican Party of the Arizona Territory.   In those days, the Republicans were regarded as the “progressives” and the Democratic Party was more closely identified with big business.

Although Arizona would not officially be a state until 1912, by 1911 the race for a U.S. Senate seat was in full force, and Hoval was running as the Republican candidate.   The majority of big copper businesses were for Mark Smith, the Democratic candidate, in large part because Hoval had insisted in having a mandatory workers’ arbitration plank in the Republican platform.  According to the Weekly Journal-Miner,   Wed. morning, Dec. 6, 1911, p.4,  (“Journal-Miner”)     the Copper Queen Press  had endorsed Mark Smith in an editorial entitled, ”Who is Hoval A. Smith that he should aspire to be a United States senator from Arizona?”  The Journal-Miner  wrote its own editorial entitled, “Sneering at Hoval Smith” and answered the question posed by the Copper Queen.  Describing Hoval as an idealist, the editorial pointed out that he was a successful self-made man who had worked hard to secure his education and who came to Arizona with only $3.50 to his name.

The editorial quoted Hoval’s opponent, Mark Smith, as follows: “ Hoval Smith is the man that waged Republican victory in this territory three years ago by his able management of the campaign as state chairman.  He is a man big of heart, big of mind, a courteous, kindly gentleman.  His chief offending is his Republicanism.”

The editorial went on to point out that whereas the workers, farmers and ordinary townspeople all were for Hoval, big business was for Mark Smith.   The Journal-Miner quoted a corporate president as representative of big business’s view of Hoval:  “Yes, Hoval Smith is a very able fellow; I like him personally, but he is pretty radical in his views; he is a good deal of idealist when it comes to dealing with labor problems.  He lets his sympathies run away with him.  He is responsible for the ridiculous compulsory arbitration plank in the Republican platform.  Some of the Southern Pacific strikers he used to work with when he was an ordinary miner got him to force that plank in the platform, and the funny thing is he really believes it [emphasis added.]”

Hoval lost the election to Mark Smith  43.84% to 50.35% with the Socialist candidate polling 5.8%.   He continued to be involved in copper mining and Arizona Republican politics, however, and when President Taft signed the declaration making Arizona a state, Hoval can be seen standing in the back left of the official photograph.  In about 1914 he married Nina Roberts Smith, a teacher from an old Maryland family, and they settled in Warren and Bisbee.  (Hoval had been one of the founders of Warren.)  They had one child, Hugh Roberts Hoval Smith.

Nina Roberts Smith had long been involved in the Daughters of the American Revolution and she became Arizona State Regent of the DAR.  As such and as the representative of AZ Governor Hunt, she stood next to President Coolidge on April 15, 1924 at the dedication ceremony at which the Arizona stone (actually petrified wood) was presented at the Washington Monument.

In 1933, Hoval authored the Copper  Brief,  a treatise which argued for the imposition of tariffs on imported copper.   In 1934, Hoval ran for the House of Representatives and lost to Isabella Greenway who was re-elected with 68.6% of the vote.  Ms. Greenway was a good friend of Eleanor Roosevelt.

Several years after World War II, Nina and Hoval Smith moved to Washington, D.C. to be closer to their son and his family.  Their son, Hugh, had graduated from Yale Law School and had been in the Navy during World War II.  Hugh practiced law his entire professional life with Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering (now Wilmer Hale,) while Nina and Hoval became beloved grandparents to five grandchildren who continue to benefit from their love and generosity.

If you’d like to view materials from the Hoval A. and Nina R. Smith Collection, please contact the archives at ahsref@azhs.gov to make an appointment.


Flashback Friday

28 Aug

For this flashback friday we wanted to share a photograph of Ms. Helen Healy under a Yucca.

How will you be spending your weekend?

Photo Identifier PC61F6_62728

Photo Identifier PC61F6_62728